The Importance of Gastroenterology


Gastrology deals with the digestive system. This means that it involves parts of the body such as the stomach and the liver, as well as many others.

Gastrology is the branch of human biology that focuses on the digestive system and any problems affecting it. The key parts of this internal system of the body are the stomach, the gut and the liver. The mouth and the anus also make up the digestive system. There are a lot of different conditions affecting these vital organs, from simple things such as nausea and loss of appetite, to major diseases such as stomach cancer. Diarrhea is a commonly known condition affecting the digestive system.

Minor gastrointestinal diseases can be caused by a wide range of factors and organisms, including harmful bacteria that the body does not immediately know how to cope with. (The body is invaded by millions of bacteria cells everyday but normally knows how to deal with them instantly because it has experienced them before and, moreover, the immune system is ready for them). These bacteria can either start to infect parts of the body, causing nausea in the stomach for example, or can possibly lead to conditions such as mouth ulcers. In the worst-case scenario, stomach ulcers can potentially be fatal. This is why it can be very dangerous to eat undercooked meat because it can be a breeding ground for damaging bacteria such as salmonella. Most diseases that affect these organs are caused by what is eaten by the person in question. It is important to avoid undercooked meat or meat which has not been thoroughly reheated. Moreover, raw eggs should never be consumed.

Other ways that these diseases can occur is through imbalances in stomach acids. This can be caused by damage to the glands responsible for their production. If stomach acids become too highly concentrated, they can start to eat away at the body itself. This should obviously be avoided at all costs.

Minor diseases affecting this system are very common and usually are extremely simple to treat. The body learns how to cope with them within a matter of days or medication can be administered for a few days to help the body clear itself of any harmful germs. However, if the disease does not seem to go away in a short amount of time, then the person should go to a doctor to make sure that it is not in fact a symptom of something far more serious.