Neuropsychology is a very specific area of medical science that deals with the brain. It focuses on the structure, the function and any possible problems that could occur in the brain.
Neuropsychology is a part of human biology that looks into the structure of the brain, how it is made up, what it is made of and the way in which it works. This is another very complicated branch of science, because the brain is such a delicate and intricate organ; so it is hard to examine it while working, without the risk of causing severe damage to it. It is only in recent years that we had been able to operate on the brain because we have the knowledge and equipment to do it safely. There are lots of stories about brain operations that have resulted in people being paralyzed or not having skills which they did have before the operation, although thankfully these are mainly in the distant past now. In some operations, surgery has been done while the patient was awake, such as the famous operation where a man was asked to play the banjo continuously throughout the process so that the surgeons knew they were not doing any damage to the nervous system.
The brain is the only organ really considered in the area of Neuropsychology, but the brain itself is made up of several different parts, all of which are responsible for different functions within the body. The first and largest part of the brain is known as the cerebrum, also known as the cerebral cortex and this is made up of four parts known as lobes. As a whole, the cerebrum is thought to be the part which is in charge of the most complicated, but common things such as thoughts and actions of the body and mind. The four lobes all do different jobs as well, the frontal lobe is in charge of things such as speech, thoughts and emotions, the parietal lobe is heavily involved in movement and perception of the things around us, the occipital lobe is in charge of visual processing and finally the temporal lobe which helps with speech and also is key to our recognition of audio stimuli and memory!
Neuropsychology involves all the other parts of the brain as well, such as the cerebellum, which is basically a smaller version of the cerebrum with a very similar but smaller structure. There is also the limbic system which is thought to be the emotional part of the brain where all of our feelings come from and this is one of the hardest parts to understand, as feelings are such a complicated thing both physically and mentally.